Broadly insurance can be classified in two categories:
First - Life Insurance which matures in event of death of the insured/policyholder. On occurrence of such an event the insurance company pays a sum of money assured to the nominee/beneficiary (person nominated by the policyholder). Life Insurances are of two types:
Traditional Plans - which contain Endowment Plan , Cash Back Plan, Term Plan , (Term Life Insurance) and Whole life policy. And Unit-linked Insurance Plans - are of 4 types - Endowment cum Ulips, Children Plan , Retirement Plan or Pension plan and investment/saving plans.
Second - General insurance. All insurance policies other than life insurance policies come under general insurance segmentation. (Also known as non-life insurance policies). These policies include Home Insurance, Auto Insurance, Travel Insurance, Marine Insurance, Theft Insurance, Office insurance and Health insurance
Health insurance is most acquired policy in general insurance segment. Health insurances are of 3 types - Comprehensive Plan - which include Mediclaim and Fixed benefits plan, Accidental Insurance and Critical Care plan .
A Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP) is a product offered by insurance companies that unlike a pure insurance policy gives investors the benefits of both insurance and investment under a single integrated plan.
Advantage of ULIPs as a good Investment-
Disadvantage of ULIPs -
What Types of Funds do ULIP Offer?Most insurers offer a wide range of funds to suit one’s investment objectives, risk profile and time horizons. Different funds have different risk profiles. The potential for returns also varies from fund to fund.
The following are some of the common types of funds available along with an
What is Net Asset Value (NAV)?NAV is the value of each unit of the fund on a given day. The NAV of each fund is displayed on the website of the respective insurers.
What are the Charges, fees and deductions in a ULIP?ULIPs offered by different insurers have varying charge structures. Broadly, the different types of fees and charges are given below. However it may be noted that insurers have the right to revise fees and charges over a period of time.
Note: Investors may note that the portion of the premium after deducting for all charges and premium for risk cover is utilized for purchasing units.
What should one verify before signing the proposal?One has to verify the approved sales brochure for
• All the charges deductible under the policy
• Payment on premature surrender
• Features and benefits
• Limitations and exclusions
• Lapsation and its consequences
• Other disclosures
• Illustration projecting benefits payable in two scenarios of 6% and 10% returns as prescribed by the life insurance council.